Valium for Sleep, Diazepam Uses and Side Effects

Valium is produced by Martin Dow, it contains diazepam. It is a member of the benzodiazepine tranquilizers group. It is an anxiolytic, sedative, and muscle-relaxant agent, which reduces pain and anxiety within few minutes. It directly affects neurotransmitters of the brain.

It is also being used or known as Valium for Sleep or sleep disorder. 

Valium composition contains 2mg, 5mg, 10mg and in injection form. After oral administration, it rapidly absorbed in the stomach, and plasma concentration appearing from 20-60minutes. Valium injection is also being used in severe cases to reduce tension and pain immediately.

Symptoms and Indications

To relieve tension and anxiety

Psychoneurotic and transient situational disturbances

Major mental and organic disorders

To treat insomnia and sleep disorder

Palpitation, sweating, restlessness, insomnia, and tremor

Reflex muscle spasm

Local trauma (injury and inflammation)

Pain and severe headache

Dosage

The dosage should be carefully individualized. Secondly, it also depends upon the severity of symptoms and the patient’s condition. The single dosage of diazepam should not be exceeding than 10mg and not more than 30mg within 24 hours.

Note: Do not give Valium for more than 6 months to a patient.

Elderly: 5-20mg every 24 hours or depending upon the severity of symptoms.

Children: 0.1-0.3mg/kg body weith within 24 hours.

Impaired hepatic function: Dose should be reduced in patients with impaired hepatic function.

Side Effects of Valium (Diazepam)

Common: The most side effects of Valium include, dizziness, blurred vision, drowsiness, and fatigue, and muscle weakness.

Uncommon: Confusion, constipation, depression, nausea, gastrointestinal disturbances, increase or decrease in libido, dry mouth, urinary retention, headache, and hypotension. 

Severe: Ataxia, hypotonia, respiratory depression, and coma.

Paradoxical reaction: Agitation, restlessness, aggressiveness, nightmare, delusion, hallucinations, psychoses, and inappropriate behavior.

Contraindications

Diazepam is contraindicated in patients with

Patients who are hypersensitive to benzodiazepines

Respiratory insufficiency or infection

Severe hepatic insufficiency

Sleep apnea syndrome

Myasthenia gravis

Alcohol

Psychotic illness

Precautions

While treating a patient, you should be aware of his/her history. He or she has no history of alcohol or drug abuse. Secondly, a lower dose is recommended for patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency.

Pregnancy and Lactation

Do not use Valium in pregnancy and Lactation.

Overdosage

Overdosage in a patient leads to depression ranging from drowsiness to coma and it also hit the central nervous system. Overdose may cause drowsiness, confusion, inappropriate behavior and it also leads to coma.

Treatment: Vomiting should be induced. Secondly, if you do not find any advantage in emptying the stomach, activated charcoal should be given to reduce absorption. Flumazenil is also useful as an antagonist.

Valium 5mg Tablets

Valium 5mg Tablets

Valium 5mg TabletDiazepam
CompositionsEach tablet contains Diazepam USP 5mg
Symptoms and IndicationsAnxiety, Tension, Sleep disorder, Muscle spasm, Trauma, Psychoneurotic disturbances, Organic disorders
DosageAs directed by the physician
CompanyMartin Dow limited
Per tablet PriceRs 1.5

Valium 10mg Tablets

Valium 10mg Tablets

Valium 10mg TabletDiazepam
CompositionsEach tablet contains Diazepam USP 10mg
Symptoms and IndicationsAnxiety, Tension, Sleep disorder, Muscle spasm, Trauma, Psychoneurotic disturbances, Organic disorders
DosageAs directed by the physician
CompanyMartin Dow limited
Per tablet priceRs 2.5

Valium Injection

Valium Injection 2ml

Valium 2ml InjectionDiazepam
CompositionsEach ampoule contains Diazepam USP
Symptoms and IndicationsAnxiety, Tension, Sleep disorder, Muscle spasm, Trauma, Psychoneurotic disturbances, Organic disorders
DosageAs directed by the physician
CompanyMartin Dow limited
Per vial priceRs 40