Sitagliptin phosphate with brand leader JANUVIA is an orally-active inhibitor of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) Enzyme. It is being used for the indication of conditions like type 2 diabetes mellitus. It contains an empirical formula of C16H15F6N5O.H3P04.H2O. Sitagliptin is combined with metformin to control glucose levels in our bodies.
Sitagliptin actually increases incretins. Incretin’s main function is to control blood sugar and also it increases insulin in our body when we take meals. On the other side, it also decreases the sugar your liver makes after the meal. Therefore, always check your glucose level before meals. There is a sugar level test called glycated hemoglobin (A1C) that shows how much sugar (glucose) exists in your body in the past 2 months.
Blood Sugar Levels of Diabetes
Age 18+ Levels
Before meal 70-130 is normal
After Meal Less than 180 is normal
In Fasting Less than 100 is normal
Bedtime 100-140 is normal
Type 1 Diabetes 126-200
Type 2 Diabetes More than 200
How to use Sitagliptin?
It is an oral tablet, taken before a meal with water.
It is being used for the indicated treatment of high blood sugar levels, which causes type 2 diabetes.
The dosage of this medicine is 1 tablet daily, depends on your sugar level. Therefore consult your physician before taking sitagliptin.
Not recommended for patients having type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
It will increase your thirst and hunger
It will increase urination
You will feel tired and bored
You will face blurred vision
Sores are not healing properly
You will find a weight loss
If you have already type 1 diabetes, better to check your sugar level often, because in type 2 diabetes
Difference between Type 1 Diabetes VS Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
Main cause in type 1 diabetes is that, Main cause in type 2 diabetes is that, your body cannot make enough insulin or it is not working properly
Your body’s immune system is not working properly or it not make enough insulin The symptoms in type 1 diabetes appear quickly On the other hand in type 2 diabetes the symptoms appear slowly
Type 1 diabetes is more or less manageable. Taking glucophage can control type 1 diabetes While type 2 diabetes is in severe condition, you need to take sitagliptin along with diet and exercise.
The level of Glucose level is not too high The level of glucose level in type 2 diabetes is too high
Children and adults often got type 1 diabetes All ages having type 2 diabetes, but there are more chances in age more than 40
Side Effects of Sitagliptin
Severe side effects of sitagliptin include hypoglycemia, pancreatitis, and hypoglycemia upper respiratory tract infection, etc.
Overdose side effects of sitagliptin cause coma, seizures, confusion, tachycardia, drowsiness, dizziness, sweating, headache, weakness, and tremor, etc.
Common side effects of Sitagliptin include nausea, headache, upset stomach, drowsiness, sore throat, irritating nose, and vomiting, etc.